Creating a non-toxic etching ground involves using materials that are safe and environmentally friendly. Here's a simple recipe for a non-toxic etching ground using beeswax and other natural ingredients: Ingredients: Beeswax Dammar resin (a natural tree resin used in varnishes and art materials) An odorless solvent (such as vegetable oil or artist-grade mineral spirits) A small saucepan or metal container A heat source (stove or hot plate) A brush for applying the ground Etching plate (e.g., copper or zinc plate) Soft lint-free cloth Instructions: Prepare your etching plate: Make sure the plate is clean and free from any oils or residues. You can clean it with a soft lint-free cloth and some mild detergent if needed. Create the ground mixture: In a small saucepan or metal container, combine the following ingredients in the specified ratio: 2 parts beeswax 1 part dammar resin Add just enough odorless solvent to create a paste-like consistency (start with a small amount and add more as needed). Heat the mixture: Place the saucepan or metal container on a low heat source (e.g., stove or hot plate). Stir the mixture gently until the beeswax and dammar resin melt completely and blend with the solvent. Be careful not to overheat the mixture or let it boil. Applying the ground: Once the mixture is melted and homogenous, remove it from the heat source. Allow it to cool slightly, but make sure it remains in a liquid state. Using a brush, apply a thin, even layer of the ground to your clean etching plate. Ensure that the plate is entirely covered by the ground. Let it dry: Let the plate cool down and the ground harden completely. This may take a few hours, depending on the thickness of the ground layer. Preparing for etching: Now that your non-toxic etching ground is applied and dry, you can use traditional etching techniques to create your artwork. You can draw into the ground with an etching needle, exposing the metal underneath, and then etch the plate using a non-toxic etching solution, such as ferric chloride. Etching process: Follow standard etching processes, using non-toxic etching solutions, to etch your plate. Be sure to work in a well-ventilated area and follow all safety precautions. Cleaning up: After you finish etching, remove the ground from the plate using a gentle solvent appropriate for the non-toxic ground you used. Clean the plate thoroughly before printing your artwork. Remember, while this recipe provides a non-toxic alternative for creating an etching ground, always exercise caution and follow safety guidelines when working with any art materials or chemicals. Additionally, make sure to dispose of any waste materials responsibly and in an environmentally friendly manner.